United Nations (UN) Secretary-General António Guterres, recently called for urgent climate adaptation in Africa, saying ‘greater action is needed to provide renewable energy to hundreds of millions who still lack access to reliable and affordable electricity.’
‘As the continent that has contributed least to the climate crisis, Africa deserves the strongest possible support and solidarity”, he told an online dialogue for leaders convened by the African Development Bank(ADB).
‘Adaptation must not be the neglected half of the climate equation,’ Guterres warned.
Although Africa has abundant and untapped renewable resources,’ it has received just two per cent of global investment in renewable energy over the past decade,’ he noted.
According to him, old models of development and energy use have failed to provide Africans with universal energy access, hence ‘hundreds of millions of people still lack reliable and affordable electricity or are cooking with polluting and harmful fuels,’ he lamented.
‘We can provide universal access to energy in Africa primarily through renewable energy. I call for a comprehensive package of support to meet this objective ahead of COP26,’ he stated, referring to the UN climate change conference in November.
‘It is achievable. It is necessary. It is overdue. And it is smart: climate action is a $3 trillion investment opportunity in Africa by 2030,’he stressed.
However, the Secretary-General pointed to “the major finance” gap blocking progress towards this goal. He urged developed countries to deliver on their $100 billion climate commitment made over a decade ago.
“Developed countries and main financers must ensure a swift shift of the billions to support African green investments, to increase resilience and to create the conditions for scaled-up private finance”, he said.
“And the private sector must step up and get organized to provide immediate, concrete solutions to governments. Local authorities can work with unions and community leaders on reskilling and social security nets.”
Commitment and fiscal autonomy
While African Governments also can lead the way by committing to ambitious adaptation and mitigation plans, they first need to regain their fiscal autonomy, he said.
The Secretary-General stressed the need to extend the debt moratorium for developing countries, made last year in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and even cancelling debts where appropriate.
Furthermore, Special Drawing Rights, a type of supplementary foreign reserve maintained by the Internatinal Monetary Fund (IMF), must also be made available to support Africa’s recovery.